Health Work Promotion for Youth
The PSTJ project is part of the international context of the 2030 Agenda of the United Nations’ sustainable development objectives, aiming, among other things, at decent work for “a sustainable humanity”, but also in the French context of legal news on occupational health, through the law of 6 August 2021 in favour of occupational health training. Developed in the spirit of the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, in its principles of freedom and autonomy of persons or communities, PSTJ aims to research the development of the power to act at work among young people in initial vocational training.
Indeed, considered by the WHO (2007) as a vulnerable population, young people encounter inequalities in working conditions after their studies: for example, they are more subject to intensive work than older workers (Eurofound, 2017). Moreover, it is the lack of seniority in the job that is the determining factor in the excess of accidents, which decreases with the years of experience. Finally, almost 15% of serious and fatal accidents occur during the first three months after hiring (4th occupational health plan 2021-2025).
It is therefore because of this vulnerability and the inequality of treatment in the context of work that the multidisciplinary team of researchers (educational sciences, ergonomics, health psychology, occupational health law, management sciences, information and communication sciences, sociology) associated with teachers and internship tutors, are questioning the conditions and training mechanisms that enable pupils, students and apprentices to acquire and develop, on the basis of their knowledge, the power to act in terms of occupational health. The aim is to become aware of the problems and changes to be made, through the objectification of an experienced reality, and to identify the elements on which one can act with regard to the opportunities in the work environment and the needs, according to one’s values, goals and motivation.
At the end of this collaborative research, we should be able to: (1) Describe the configurations of youth empowerment in vocational training and in different contexts. (2) Make recommendations for occupational health literacy to teachers, employers, and tutors in support of open and distance learning.